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A.            The Nature of Proverbial Literature   The Hebrew word for proverb is mashal, which referred to a comparison, whether brief or extended. Later the word was used to describe a wide variety of wise pronouncements, from a general maxim to wisecrack. The English word "proverb" derives from the Latin words pro ("for") and verba ("words"), which reflects the idea that a proverb condenses many words into...Read More

An Introduction to the Poetic and Wisdom Books of the OT...Read More

  A.            God: the Creator   1.             the cosmos (3:19-20; 8:22-31)   2.             mankind (14:31; 20:12; 22:2; 29:13)   3.             history (8:22)   B.      &...Read More

“Pride is the worst viper that is in the heart; it is the first sin that ever entered into the universe, and it lies lowest of all in the foundation of the whole building of sin, and is the most secret, deceitful and unsearchable in its ways of working, of any lusts whatsoever; it is ready to mix with everything; and nothing is so hateful to God, and contrary to the spirit of the Gospel, or of so dangerous consequence; and there is no one sin that does so much let ...Read More

Proverbs 17:12 issues this warning: "Let a man meet a bear robbed of her cubs, rather than a fool in his folly!" This being the case, we would do well to identify the fool and his characteristics.   A.            The Naive Person   This is the simpleton, the least harmful of the three categories of the "foolish" person described in Proverbs. These are the "Charlie Brown's" of the world. They are marked ...Read More

Words (speech) in the book of Proverbs...Read More

[This bibliography contains only the more helpful commentaries on Proverbs and ones with which I am personally familiar. I have placed an * after those books that I would recommend you purchase.]                       Alden, Robert L. Proverbs: A Commentary on an Ancient Book of Timeless Advice. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1983.        &nb...Read More

Fear of God In the Bible in general: Gen. 22:1; 42:18; Job 1:8-9; Ex. 1:17,21; Gen. 28:17; Ex. 3:6; 20:20;2 Sam. 6:9; Neh. 1:11; Eccles. 12:13-14; Deut. 6:1-2,24; 8:6; Pss. 112:1; 119:63; Malachi 3:5; Lev. 19:11-14; 25:17,35-36,43; Deut.10:12,20; 13:4; Pss. 25:12-15; 33:18; 103:11,13,17; 145:19; Deut. 14:23; 17:18-19; Ps. 34:11. In Proverbs in particular: Prov. 1:7,29; 2:4-5; 3:7; 8:13; 9:10; 14:26; 15:16,33; 16:6; 22:4 Peer Pressure / Teenagers Prov. ...Read More