"If the Epistle to the Romans rightly has been called 'the cathedral of Christian faith', then surely the eighth chapter may be regarded as its most sacred shrine, or its high altar of worship, of praise, and of prayer. . . . Here, we stand in the full liberty of the children of God, and enjoy a prospect of that glory of God which some day we are to share" (Charles Erdman).
The beauty of Romans 8 can be seen in two of its most prominent characteristics. (1) There is a poetic beauty in the way this chapter begins and the way it ends. It begins with No Condemnation in Christ (v. 1) and ends with No Separation from Christ (v. 39). (2) The emphasis in this chapter on the Holy Spirit is obvious. The Greek word pneuma, translated "S/spirit", is found only 5x in chapters 1-7 and 8x in chapters 9-16, but it occurs 21x in chapter 8 alone, more often than in any other single chapter in the NT.
1. Life in the Spirit (1) - 8:1-4