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Outline of Romans (Detailed Version)

I.              Epistolary Introduction - 1:1-17

 

A.            Paul and the Principles of the Gospel- 1:1-7

 

1.             The messenger of the gospel - 1:1

 

a.              his captivity - v. 1a

b.             his calling - v. 1b

c.              his consecration - v. 1c

 

2.             The message of the gospel - 1:2-4

 

a.              its source, or, where did the gospel come from? (the OT promise) - v. 2

b.             its substance, or, whom does the gospel concern? (the NT person) - vv. 3-4

 

1)             the gospel of God concerns "His (God's) Son" - vv. 3-4a

 

a)             his humiliation & humanity - v. 3

b)             his exaltation & deity - v. 4a

 

2)             the gospel of God concerns "Jesus Christ our Lord" - v. 4b

 

a)             his deity

b)             his dominion

 

3.             The motivation of the gospel - 1:5-7

 

a.              the power - v. 5a

b.             the purpose - vv. 5b-6

c.              the people - v. 7

 

B.            Paul and the People of Rome - 1:8-15

 

1.             The apostle praying - 1:8-10

 

a.              God's praise - v. 8

b.             God's people - v. 9

c.              God's providence - v. 10

 

2.             The apostle planning - 1:11-15

 

a.              spiritual impartation - v. 11

b.             mutual edification - v. 12

c.              fruitful cultivation - v. 13

d.             apostolic obligation - vv. 14-15

 

C.            Paul and the Power of the Gospel - 1:16-17

 

1.             The proclamation - v. 16

 

a.              Paul's perspective - v. 16a

b.             God's power - v. 16b

 

1)             its aim: salvation

2)             its appropriation: by faith

 

2.             The principle - v. 17

 

 

 

II.            The Way of Salvation - 1:18-5:21

 

A.            Human Depravity: the doctrine of universal sin - 1:18-3:20

 

1.             Sin & Condemnation of the Gentiles - 1:18-32

 

a.              The wrath of God - 1:18-20

 

1)             the reality of wrath - v. 18a

2)             the revelation of wrath - v. 18b

 

a)             its origin: heaven

b)             its object: humanity

 

3)             the reason for wrath - vv. 19-20

 

a)             who? - v. 19

b)             what? - v. 20a

c)             how? - v. 20b

d)             why? - v. 20c

 

b.             The wickedness of man - 1:21-32

 

1)             his impiety - v. 21a

 

a)             undutiful

b)             ungrateful

 

2)             his ignorance - vv. 21b-22

 

a)             futile in his beliefs

b)             foolish in his behavior

 

3)             his idolatry - v. 23

 

4)             his impurity - vv. 24-32

 

a)             God gave them over to dishonorable impurity - vv. 24-25

 

1 -           impurity - v. 24

2 -           idolatry - v. 25

 

b)             God gave them over to degrading passions - vv. 26-27

 

1 -           female homosexuality - v. 26

2 -           male homosexuality - v. 27

 

c)             God gave them over to depraved minds - vv. 28-32

 

1 -           holy retribution - v. 28

2 -           unholy results - vv. 29-32

 

2.             Sin and Condemnation of the Jews - 2:1-3:8

 

a.              the failure of the Jews - 2:1-29

 

1)             principles of judgment - vv. 1-16

 

a)             fundamentals of judgment: its characteristics - vv. 1-5

 

1 -           judgment is universal - vv. 1-2

2 -           judgment is unavoidable - vv. 3-5

 

a -            presuming upon God's grace - vv. 3-4

b -           piling up God's wrath - v. 5

 

b)             foundations of judgment: its criteria - vv. 6-15

 

1 -           judgment is according to what a man does - vv. 6-10

 

a -            the principle asserted - v. 6

b -           the principle applied - vv. 7-10

 

2 -           judgment is according to what a man knows - vv. 11-15

 

a -            the principle asserted - v. 11

b -           the principle applied - vv. 12-15

 

c)             the finality of judgment: its conclusion - v. 16

 

2)             practices of the Jews - vv. 17-29

 

a)             the folly of a religious phony - vv. 17-24

 

(refusing to practice what you preach by relying on your privileges and position)

 

1 -           their boast - vv. 17-20

 

a -            their privileges in relation to God - vv. 17-18

b -           their prerogatives in relation to men - vv. 19-20

 

2 -           their behavior - vv. 21-24

 

a -            conduct versus claim - vv. 21-23

b -           conclusion - v. 24

 

b)             the foundation of a phony religion - vv. 25-29

 

(the belief that an external ritual compensates for the absence of an internal reality)

 

1 -           the outward ritual - vv. 25-27

 

a -            ritual without reality is unrighteousness - v. 25

b -           reality without ritual is righteousness - vv. 26-27

 

2 -           the inward reality - vv. 28-29

 

a -            being a true Jew is not a matter of heritage - v. 28

b -           being a true Jew is a matter of heart - v. 29

 

b.             the faithfulness of God - 3:1-8

 

1)             the first objection raised - v. 1

2)             the first objection refuted - v. 2

3)             the second objection raised - v. 3

4)             the second objection refuted - v. 4

5)             the third objection raised - vv. 5,7,8

6)             the third objection refuted - v. 6

 

3.             Sin and Condemnation of all Mankind - 3:9-20

 

a.              the charge - v. 9

b.             the confirmation - vv. 10-18

 

1)             man's character - vv. 10-12

 

a)             men don't obey God - vv. 10,12b

b)             men don't understand God - v. 11a

c)             men don't want God - vv. 11b-12a

 

2)             man's conduct - vv. 13-18

 

c.              the conclusion - vv. 19-20

 

B.            Divine Deliverance: the doctrine of particular justification - 3:21-5:21

 

1.             Justification: its provision - 3:21-31

 

a.              the righteousness of God - vv. 21-26

 

1)             its manifestation - v. 21

 

a)             the way of righteousness - v. 21a

b)             the witness to righteousness - v. 21b

 

2)             its appropriation - vv. 22-24

 

a)             how we get it - v. 22

b)             why we need it - v. 23

c)             what it means - v. 24

 

3)             its vindication - vv. 25-26

 

b.             the results for man - vv. 27-31

 

1)             boasting is excluded - vv. 27-28

2)             distinctions are eliminated - vv. 29-30

3)             the law is established - v. 31

 

2.             Justification: its proof - 4:1-25

 

a.              the inadequacy of works in general - vv. 1-8

 

1)             the example of Abraham - vv. 1-5

 

a)             the proposition - vv. 1-2

b)             the proof - v. 3

c)             the principle - vv. 4-5

 

1 -           works - v. 4

2 -           faith - v. 5

 

2)             the example of David - vv. 6-8

 

b.             the inadequacy of a ritual in particular - vv. 9-12

 

1)             what the ritual (of circumcision) didn't do for Abraham - vv. 9-10

2)             what the ritual (of circumcision) did do for Abraham - vv. 11-12

 

a)             in relation to Gentiles - v. 11

b)             in relation to Jews - v. 12

 

c.              the promise of God - vv. 13-17

 

1)             the principle - v. 13

2)             the proof - vv. 14-17

 

a)             otherwise faith is voided - v. 14a

b)             otherwise the promise is nullified - vv. 14b-15

c)             otherwise grace is excluded - v. 16a

d)             otherwise assurance is undermined - vv. 16b-17

 

1 -           the breadth of the promise - vv. 16b-17a

2 -           the basis of the promise - v. 17b

 

d.             the faith of Abraham - vv. 18-25

 

1)             the personal experience of Abraham's faith - vv. 18-21

 

a)             in defiance of circumstances - v. 18

b)             in reliance upon God - vv. 19-21

 

2)             the practical effect of Abraham's faith - v. 22

3)             the prophetic example of Abraham's faith - vv. 23-25

 

3.             Justification: its product - 5:1-21

 

a.              the fruit of justification - vv. 1-11

 

1)             a new peace - v. 1

2)             a new presence - v. 2a

3)             a new perspective - vv. 2b-5

 

a)             a new perspective on the future: we can now live in hope - v. 2b

b)             a new perspective on the present: we can now live with hurt - vv. 3-5

 

1 -           because tribulation yields perseverance - v. 3

2 -           because perseverance yields proven character - v. 4a

3 -           because proven character yields hope - v. 4b

4 -           because hope will never disappoint - v. 5

 

4)             a new passion - vv. 6-11

 

a)             the character of God's love for us - vv. 6-8

 

1 -           When? At what time did Christ die?

2 -           Who? For what kind of people did Christ die?

 

a -            helpless

b -           ungodly

c -            sinners

d -           enemies

 

b)             the consequences of God's love for us - vv. 9-11

 

1 -           the proposition - v. 9

2 -           the proof - v. 10

3 -           the praise - v. 11

 

b.             the foundation of justification - vv. 12-21

 

1)             a crucial proposition - v. 12

2)             a conclusive proof - vv. 13-14

3)             a contrasting parallel - vv. 15-21

 

 

III.         The Way of Sanctification - 6:1-8:39