Now that we’ve looked at how the words soul, spirit, mind, and heart are used in the Bible, we turn our attention to particular passages of Scripture in the NT that are often used to defend the notion of trichotomy. Continue reading . . .
Now that we’ve looked at how the words soul, spirit, mind, and heart are used in the Bible, we turn our attention to particular passages of Scripture in the NT that are often used to defend the notion of trichotomy.
We being by taking note of biblical texts where some particular emotional or spiritual experience is ascribed both to the “spirit” and the “soul” of Jesus. Take the intensely deep feeling of sorrow and grief. In some texts it is the “spirit” of Jesus that experiences sorrow and grief:
“And he [Jesus] sighed deeply in his spirit and said, ‘Why does this generation seek a sign? Truly, I say to you, no sign will be given to this generation’” (Mark 8:12).
“After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me’” (John 13:21)
Yet in other texts it is the “soul” of Jesus that has the same experience:
“Now is my soul troubled. And what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour? But for this purpose I have come to this hour’” (John 12:27).
“Then he said to them, ‘My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me’” (Matt. 26:38).
We see the same equivalence of “soul” and “spirit” in the experience of mere men:
“Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw that the city was full of idols” (Acts 17:16).